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Prenatal diagnostics

All the pregnant women are recommended to have a series of compulsory examinations and blood tests. Moreover, a doctor can advise prenatal diagnostics for genetic diseases (invasive procedure) that allows to detect different chromosomal pathologies and physiologic failures.

Prenatal diagnostics includes:

  • 3D ultrasound diagnostics of a fetus;
  • Biochemical markers detection in the blood of a pregnant woman with further risk estimation of a fetus chromosomal pathologies;
  • Prenatal invasive diagnostics for fetus karyotyping;
  • Consultation of a doctor-geneticist.

Biochemical screening

Screening is a series of simple and safe examinations for a pathology development risk detection. . Our specials recommend all the pregnant to have the prenatal screening done. It includes ultrasound diagnostics, as well as biochemical markers detection and computerized risk estimation.

This screening can be conducted in the first and third trimester of pregnancy. In the course of it in the first one, chromosomal anomalies ultrasound markers are investigated (parietal-coccygeal length, nuchal translucency, nasal bone, blood circulation measurement in Ductus Venosus), as well as such biochemical markers as PAPP, HCG with further risk estimation of a fetus chromosomal pathologies.

The screening of the second trimester consists of detention of such biochemical markers as AFP, HCG, Estradiol with further risk estimation.

Pre-birth invasive diagnostics is highly affective. This investigation is based on such methods of genetic diseases detection as biopsy of chorion, placenta, amniocentesis or cardiocentesis.

3D ultrasound diagnostics during pregnancy

The first ultrasound is recommended on the 7th week of pregnancy to define the position of the fetus in the uterus and the heartbeat.

The second ultrasound is conducted between the 11th and 13th weeks to exclude genetic pathologies. For this, nuchal translucency, upper jaw and nasal bones of a fetus are measured. At this stage pregnant women have their blood tests to detect biochemical markers of chromosomal pathologies.

One more ultrasound with biochemical markers detection planned by prenatal care takes place on 16th-18th weeks of pregnancy. And on the 21st-22nd weeks the test is done with the intension to examine fetal organs to eliminate the risk of major fetal development abnormalities.

What is the purpose of the ultrasound test during gestation?

Ultrasound diagnostics gives opportunity to a doctor to diagnose fetal development flaws antenatal. So it is difficult to overestimate the importance of it. Using 3D ultrasound machine, it is possible in early gestation period:

  • to confirm pregnancy;
  • to define the exact gestational age;
  • to detect fetal development anomalies;
  • diagnose extrauterine gestation;
  • find pregnancy course pathologies.

Besides, thanks to ultrasound diagnosis, a doctor can prepare for certain difficulties during the labour, so he defines fetal weight, presentation, position of the umbilical cord, state more exact due date, and from the 12th week sex of a baby can be defined.